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Peebles, S/Sgt. Bernard M. | Pennoyer, Capt. Albert Sheldon | Phillips, Cpl. John Marshall

Pennoyer, Capt. Albert Sheldon  

Captain, U.S. Army, Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives (MFAA) Officer

American painter Sheldon Pennoyer served with the MFAA from 1944 to 1945, recovering Italian artworks removed from local museums by German troops during World War II. Prior to his MFAA service, he was a Captain of the U.S. Army Air Force in 1942 and a Captain of the Corps of Engineers in 1943.

Pennoyer grew up in Berkeley, California where he attended the University of California for a brief time. In 1912 he moved to Paris to study architecture at the Ecole des Beaux Arts. The following year he took up painting and studied at the Académies Julien and Grand Chaumière. Pennoyer returned to America at the onset of World War I, and set up his New York City studio where he worked for the next 38 years. From 1917 to 1920 he was a Sergeant in the U.S. Army, and from 1920 to 1928 was a Second Lieutenant with the Officers Reserve Corps. During the course of the next several decades, Pennoyer rose to fame as an American portrait and landscape painter, and was particularly famous for his numerous scenes of railroads and trains. He kept thousands of prints and lithographs in his studio which documented the history of the railroad, and he both wrote and illustrated Locomotives in Our Lives. Pennoyer died in a tragic auto accident outside of Madrid while he was in Spain painting watercolors of châteaux for a book on the subject.


Copyrighted by Monuments Men Foundation for the Preservation of Art